Open access publication

EURADWASTE’22 Paper – Host rocks and THMC processes in DGR

Deep geological disposal aims to contain and isolate radioactive waste from the biosphere.
Repository systems are made of multiple barriers working together, typically comprising the natural geological barrier provided by the repository host rock and its surroundings and an engineered barrier system.
Due to their excellent properties for the confinement of contaminants, including low permeability, high sorption capacity, and swelling/self-sealing capacity, clayey materials are considered as engineered and/or natural barriers in most repository designs under development in Europe. During the lifetime of the repository, clay barriers will be exposed to perturbations, among which those are resulting from gas and heat production within the system. It is important to verify that these perturbations will not be detrimental to the good functioning of these barriers. In this paper, it is shown how the two EURAD R&D work packages, GAS and HITEC use a combination of experimental and modelling approaches to increase the understanding and predictability of the impact on clay barriers of the fundamental processes and their couplings related to gas and heat transport respectively, providing building blocks to support the evaluation of the robustness of the repository concepts.

EURADWASTE’22 Paper – Host rocks and THMC processes in DGR - EURAD GAS and HITEC: mechanistic understanding of gas and heat transport in clay-based materials for radioactive waste geological disposal Séverine Levasseur, Xavier Sillen, Paul Marschall, JacqPDF - 1.2 Mo